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Research

CTA

The Cherenkov Telescope Array

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will be the largest ground-based gamma-ray experiment ever built. It will consist of more than 100 telescopes in total and be constructed at two different sites, one on the Northern Hemisphere (La Palma, Spain) and one on the Southern Hemisphere (Paranal, Chile).

 

Artist concept of the southern site of CTA. Image credit: Gabriel Pérez Diaz, IAC, SMM

 

CTA uses the imaging atmospheric air shower technique to measure photons of the highest energies. Gamma-rays are detected by observing the Cherenkov radiation that is emitted by charged particles in the air shower that is initiated when the gamma-ray hits the atmosphere of the Earth. The telescopes employ large mirrors to collect the Cherenkov photons and fast cameras to register them.

CTA will reach sensitivities that are improved by 10 times with respect to currently running experiments. Telescopes of three different sizes will be installed to cover an energy range ranging from about 20 giga-electronvolts (GeV) up to 300 tera-electronvolts (TeV). These telescopes are usually called small-size telescopes (SSTs), medium-size telescopes (MSTs) and large-size telescopes (LSTs).

For more information, you can visit the project webpage, check out the CTA image gallery, or follow CTA on Twitter.

CTA at ECAP

At ECAP, we are involved in the development of both software and hardware components for CTA. On the hardware side, we work on camera systems for two telescope types and perform test measurements of the telescope mirrors. Furthermore, we help to develop new software packages for the analysis of data that will be collected by CTA.

Development and production of photosensor modules

Photon-Detektor-Modul

Image Credit: A. Gadola

FlashCam is a concept for the camera of the medium-size telescopes (MSTs) for CTA. At ECAP, we are involved in the optimization, test, and production of the photosensor modules used in the camera, which includes a characterization of the photomultiplier tubes that the modules consist of. For this work, we collaborate with the Institute of Physics at the University of Zürich and the MPI-K Heidelberg.

 

 

 

Development of fast (GHz) readout electronics

Image Credit: A. Okumura

We contribute to the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT) camera concept for the small-size telescopes (SSTs) for CTA by developing fast readout electronics for the so-called TARGET ASIC chip. We are involved in the development, test, and integration of the readout chip. This work is carried out together with groups at Oxford University, Leicester University, the University of Amsterdam, MPI-K Heidelberg as well as groups in the US and Japan.

Application of mirror measurements techniques

Spiegel-Facette

Image credit: University of Tokyo.

The production and test of mirror facets are an organizational and logistical challenge. We pursue two different methods for the precise characterization of the mirrors for the different telescopes planned in CTA, namely the optical 2f-method and phase measuring deflectometry (PMD).

 

 

 

 

Development of data analysis software

ctools@gammapyWe contribute to the development of two open-source software packages that are both proposed for the analysis of data that will be collected with CTA, ctools and GammaPy.

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in a Bachelor or Master thesis with our CTA group, please contact: